Types of Hysterectomies

Hysterectomies typically fall into three categories, all of which can be performed using the SILS™ technique.

types of hysterectomies

Subtotal Hysterectomy

If the reason for the hysterectomy is to remove fibroids, treat abnormal bleeding or relieve chronic pelvic pain, it may be possible to remove only the uterus and leave the cervix. Doctors use this procedure, known as a supracervical hysterectomy (or partial hysterectomy), to remove the least amount of tissue from the uterus and the opening to the cervix remains intact . This type of procedure can also be performed using the SILS™ surgical technique.

Total Hysterectomy

A total hysterectomy, sometimes referred to as a simple hysterectomy, involves the removal of the entire uterus and the cervix. The ovaries are not removed and continue to secrete hormones.  This is the most common kind of hysterectomy and can be performed using the SILS™ surgical technique.

Sometimes, in addition to a total hysterectomy, a procedure called a bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is performed to remove the ovaries and the fallopian tubes. Removal of the ovaries eliminates the main source of the hormone, estrogen, so menopause occurs immediately. Removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes is performed in about one-third of hysterectomy operations, often to treat or reduce the risk of ovarian cancer. This procedure can also be performed using the SILS™ surgical technique.